Zululand and Battlefields

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Zululand and Battlefields

Overview
Activities and Highlights
Seasons
Region Map

Description

"As the wind sweeps the emerald grassplains, and the Indian Ocean’s cobalt tide washes the white sanded beaches, the flowing rivers and glinting lagoons all glean the ancient secrets of what is now known as Zululand. Located within the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal; Zululand extends from Dolphins Coast to Richards Bay, and bordered inland by the northern Pongola and southern Tugela Rivers. Visit the area and immerse yourself in one of Africa’s ancient cultures, its brutal history, and the deeply spiritual traditions and age old customs of its passionate people; Zulu tribe.

The lush landscape of Zululand offers the beauty of nature’s scenic splendour which is home to many of Africa’s wildlife. The area is South Africa’s largest concentration of wildlife conservation areas, with world renowned protected parks such as the Greater St. Lucia Wetland Park, Hlugluwe-Umfolozi Game Reserve, Pongola Game Reserve and Phinda Private Game Reserve.

Explore Zululand and encounter Africa’s Big Five, revel in the atmosphere of its ancient history, or stopover at a Zulu village and experience the warm welcome of the traditionally adorned locals. "

Access Details

By vehicle, Zululand is easily accessed and is estimated to be a 3 hour drive along the N2 national road from Durban. Durban’s King Shaka International Airport is located about 2 hours from Zululand, by vehicle. By air, Zululand may be accessed via the regional airport at Richards Bay which has daily flights from Johannesburg.

Suggested Stay Details

"The subtropical climate of Zululand is predominantly hot and humid in summer and mildly humid and warm in winter. Rain is mostly expected during summer months, with an annual rainfall of up to 1400 mm.

The average maximum temperature is 30°C (86°F) during the months of January and February and a temperature of around 24°C (75°F) may be expected for the rest of the year.

Type of Experience

Visit the many sites known as the Battlefields of northern KwaZulu-Natal which occurred between 1838 and 1906. Explore the regions of Dundee, kwaDukuza, Nqutu, Newcastle, Spioenkop Dam and Nkandla.

These areas are drenched in the history of life and the land is stained with the memory of conflict. National monuments, museums and small graves fill the Battlefields and many journey to the Battlefields to pay homage to the bravery of fallen soldiers.

Infrastructure

The area of Zululand is scattered with many agricultural farms, from tea plantations, to cattle ranches. Largely developed, Zululand offers everything from wilderness trails to exhilarating 4x4 self drives. Although the culture and traditions are ancient, accommodation is modern.

Geography

The typography holds an abundant array of ecosystems, from the lush wood and wet lands of St. Lucia to the rolling hills and valleys of KwaZulu-Natal’s farmlands, which give way to river streams, dams and lakes. The Indian Ocean hugs the eastern border of KwaZulu-Natal.

History

The Blood River Battle in 1838 which took place in Dundee and resulted in the death of about 3000 Zulus by the hands of the Voortrekkers. The second battle took place in kwaDukuza in 1856 two brothers of the Zulu tribe which left more than 6000 killed. Most notably battles are the Isandiwana and Rorke’s Drift battles which took place in 1879 at Nquta.

The Zulus ambushed the British which resulted in the largest defeat in colonial warfare outside of Europe but the display of defense against the Zulus and heroism at Rorke’s Drift resulted in the highest decorated battle in British history. Anglo-Boer Wars took place between 1880 to 1881 and 1899 to 1902.

The second Anglo-Boer war was the first of the twentieth century, which introduced trench warfare. Interesting to note is that Winston Churchill, Mahatma Gandhi and Louis Botha were present at the Battle of Spioenkop which took place near Ladysmith in KwaZulu-Natal.

Activities & Highlights

"WILDLIFE ENCOUNTERS: Game viewing is abundant at Hluhluwe-Umfolozi, Mkuze and Phinda Private Reserves. With lions, elephants, buffalo, rhino and leopards; the African Big Five may be viewed from close and safe distances in guided morning and evening drives. The largest concentration of rhino are found here and more than 80 Cape hunting dogs, one of the last population to be found in Africa. If lucky, you may get a chance to see one of Africa’s largest concentration of klipspringers or even the rare bald ibis. Lake Jozini is the perfect place to spot hippos.

BIRD PARADISE: Zululand attracts well over 650 species of birds. The lakes, rivers, estuaries, dunes, forests and woodlands of St. Lucia has some of Africa’s most ecologically diverse landscapes attracting a prolific amount of birds. From the western inland’s high altitudes to the east coast’s grass and wetlands, 58 bird species endemic or near endemic bird species. The blue duiker, delegorgue’s pigeons and the trumpeter hornbill all call these areas home.



Season Travel Details

"The subtropical climate of Zululand is predominantly hot and humid in summer and mildly humid and warm in winter. Rain is mostly expected during summer months, with an annual rainfall of up to 1400 mm.

The average maximum temperature is 30°C (86°F) during the months of January and February and a temperature of around 24°C (75°F) may be expected for the rest of the year.

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